By Ali Almossawi
“A faultless compendium of flaws.” —Alice Roberts, PhD, anatomist, author, and presenter of The marvelous Human Journey
The antidote to fuzzy considering, with bushy animals!
Have you learn (or stumbled into) one too many irrational on-line debates? Ali Almossawi definitely had, so he wrote An Illustrated booklet of undesirable Arguments! this useful consultant is the following to convey the web age a much-needed dose of old-school common sense (really old-school, a la Aristotle).
Here are cogent factors of the straw man fallacy, the slippery slope argument, the ad hominem assault, and different universal makes an attempt at reasoning that really fall short—plus a superbly drawn menagerie of animals who (adorably) devote each logical faux pas. Rabbit thinks an odd mild within the sky must be a flying saucers simply because not anyone can turn out another way (the attract ignorance). And Lion doesn’t think that gasoline emissions damage the planet simply because, if that were actual, he wouldn’t just like the outcome (the argument from consequences).
Once you learn how to realize those abuses of cause, they begin to crop up far and wide from congressional debate to YouTube comments—which makes this geek-chic booklet a must for a person within the behavior of keeping opinions.
Read Online or Download An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments PDF
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Additional resources for An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments
But in fact, the “burden of proof” always lies with the person making a claim. More logically, and as several others have put it, one should ask what is likely based on evidence from past observation. Which is more likely: That an object flying through space is a man-made artifact or natural phenomenon, or that it is aliens visiting from another planet? Since we have frequently observed the former and never the latter, it is more reasonable to conclude that UFOs are probably not aliens visiting from outer space.
Here is another example: “Each module in this software system has been subjected to a set of unit tests and passed them all. ” The reality is that putting individual parts together to form a system introduces a new level of complexity, due to how the parts interact, which may in turn introduce new ways for things to go wrong. Conversely, to commit the fallacy of division is to infer that part of a whole must have some attribute because the whole to which it belongs happens to have that attribute.
Socrates is a man. ” A deductive argument is intended to be valid, but of course might not be. valid: A deductive argument is valid if its conclusion does in fact follow logically from its premisses. Otherwise, it is said to be invalid. The descriptors “valid” and “invalid” apply only to arguments and not to propositions. sound: A deductive argument is sound if it is valid and its premisses are true. If either of those conditions does not hold, then the argument is unsound. Truth is determined by looking at whether the argument’s premisses and conclusions are in accordance with facts in the real world.
An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments by Ali Almossawi