By Gebhard Flatz (auth.), Harry Harris, Kurt Hirschhorn (eds.)
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Additional resources for Advances in Human Genetics
1973) TABLE V. Distribution of the Lactase Phenotypes in the Old Worlda N II) :::!! - II) ... c. ) Han, Northern Chinese Mongols Kasakhs 8 279 Central Thais 55 0 5 7 15 14 8 10 22 200 149 30 40 71 79 60 60 87 Mixed groups Iranians ( > 12 years) Pashtoons Tajik Pasha-i Other groups "Overseas" Indians 7 43 48 II 34 17 106 12 Singhalese Northern Thais 75 388 Ill 85 53 204 225 55 Syrians Northern Egyptians Central Egyptians Southern Egyptians Ashkenazic Jews Jordanians Lebanese Maghrebi 174 149 31 229 271 145 149 25 33 56 65 52 50 65 68 282 94 51 42 161 177 43 88 76 92 100 97 73 100 83 83 79 82 87 83 75 91 73 85 60 79 79 79 78 Wang et al.
From Flatz eta/. (1984). Chapter 1: Genetics of Lactose Digestion in Humans 27 8. , 1984). In field work, breath collection should not be limited to one sample after lactose ingestion, because of the variable timing of maximal hydrogen excretion. As shown in Fig. , 1984). , 1981). FORMAL GENETICS OF THE LACTASE PHENOTYPES Before 1973, agenetic origin of adult "lactase deficiency" or primary "lactose malabsorption" was mentioned in many reports, but sufficient evidence in support of the genetic hypothesis was not available.
I''' ''"' '"' 20 I • - 10 40 60 80 100 L1 max H2 (vpm) MZ - 0 --10 Fig. 3. Lactose tolerance test with breath hydrogen determination in 52 pairs of monozygous (MZ) twins. The test parameter is ~max H 2 , the maximal increase in breath H2 concentr:ltion 120 or 150 min after ingestion of 50 g lactose in 400 ml water (see Fig. 1). All MZ twin pairs are concordant with respect to lactase phenotype diagnosis. Different scales are used for subjects with (upper right) low lactose digestion capacity (LDC) and (lower left) high LDC .
Advances in Human Genetics by Gebhard Flatz (auth.), Harry Harris, Kurt Hirschhorn (eds.)