By Kenneth E. Wilkening
Acid Rain technology and Politics in Japan is a pioneering paintings in environmental and Asian historical past in addition to an in-depth research of the impression of technology on family and foreign environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's examine additionally illuminates the worldwide fight to create sustainable societies.The Meiji recovery of 1868 ended Japan's period of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. the hole of the rustic to Western principles and expertise not just introduced pollutants difficulties linked to industrialization (including acid rain) but additionally clinical concepts for knowing and scuffling with them. Wilkening identifies 3 pollution-related "sustainability crises" in glossy eastern background: copper mining within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain study and coverage tasks; horrendous post-World warfare II household business pollutants, which led to a "hidden" acid rain challenge; and the present-day worldwide challenge of transboundary pollutants, in which Japan is a sufferer of imported acid rain. He lines the country's clinical and coverage responses to those crises via six targeted classes concerning acid rain difficulties and argues that Japan's management function in East Asian acid rain technological know-how and coverage this present day could be defined largely by means of the "historical medical momentum" generated by way of efforts to confront the difficulty seeing that 1868, strengthened via Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening presents an summary of nature, tradition, and the acid rain challenge in Japan to supplement the final set of recommendations he develops to research the interface of technology and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a dialogue of classes from Japan's adventure that may be utilized to the construction of sustainable societies world wide.
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Additional info for Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment)
Thus, problem-framework construction is a team effort. As a problem-framework takes shape it fosters the formation of an expert community. And likewise, formation of an expert community fosters commitment to the problem-framework. This does not imply that the expert community operates in perfect harmony, though. As mentioned before, a problem-framework is characterized by a consensus core of knowledge surrounded by a contested periphery of knowledge. Differing and even competing interpretations can emanate from the contested periphery.
I deﬁne a scientiﬁc framework related to an environmental problem (or environmental problem-framework, for short) as:3 16 Chapter 2 a more or less coherent, codiﬁed, and integrated set of methodologies, knowledge derived from the methodologies, and orientations and approaches to the generation and application of the knowledge, that relate to a speciﬁc environmental problem area, and that serve as a template for researching and understanding the problem and for action to address the problem area during a given time period and at a given geographical location.
If adequate momentum builds behind the issue it may eventually be placed (set) on the agenda of an authoritative political body (a city council, a state legislature, a national diet, or an international organization) for discussion. Discussion can lead to bargaining and negotiation over various policy options for addressing the problem. Eventually the body selects one policy option (a resolution is passed, a law is enacted, an international treaty is signed). Once selected, the next step is to operationalize the policy.
Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment) by Kenneth E. Wilkening