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By Pilar Munoz; Mike Thacker

ISBN-10: 1444116630

ISBN-13: 9781444116632

A moment version of this renowned Spanish Grammar. disguise; e-book name; Contents; Acknowledgements; Bibliography; creation; thesaurus of Grammatical phrases; half I; half II; Key to half I: workouts; Key to half II: workouts; Index

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7 (i) Certain categories of noun are normally feminine: Letters of the alphabet (las letras del abecedario): En castellano la ce se pronuncia como la zeta. In Spanish the letter c is pronounced the same as z. 2 Number Nouns in Spanish form their plurals as follows: 1 2 (i) (ii) Nouns ending in a vowel add -s: la hamburguesa las hamburguesas la ciruela las ciruelas el pescado los pescados el pie los pies hamburger/s plum/s fish (on a plate) foot/feet Nouns ending in a consonant add -es: el árbol los árboles la ciudad las ciudades el color los colores el hotel los hoteles la ley las leyes el país los países tree/s town/s colour/s hotel/s law/s country/-ies Note that: Nouns ending in z change the ending to -ces in the plural: la voz las voces voice/s el pez los peces fish (live) Nouns which have an accent on the last syllable lose the accent in the plural: el inglés los ingleses English person/s el pantalón los pantalones trousers la razón las razones reason/s la región las regiones region/s 19 20 (iii) (iv) 3 Nouns Nouns ending in -en which are stressed stress on the same syllable: el examen los exámenes la imagen las imágenes el origen los orígenes on the penultimate syllable add an accent in order to keep the examination/s image/s origin/s The following two words alter their stress in the plural: el carácter los caracteres character/s el régimen los regímenes regime/s In both English and Spanish, nouns can be classified according to whether they can be counted or not.

In this sentence ‘it’ is the direct object (because it receives the action of the verb ‘gave’ directly) and ‘him’ is the indirect object (because it receives the action of the verb ‘gave’ indirectly). 1 Position The rules for the position of indirect object pronouns are identical to those for direct object pronouns: usually they are placed before the verb but they may be added to the end of the infinitive or the gerund. They must be added to the end of positive imperatives: Le mandé una tarjeta.

____________________________ e ¿Cómo es tu pueblo/ciudad? ____________________________ f ¿De qué color tienes el pelo? ____________________________ 6 Pau and Xavier’s story is rather sad; on the other hand, Gerardo’s and Leo’s, although very similar, is much happier. Construct Gerardo’s and Leo’s story by filling the gaps with the adjectives in the box: Pau y Xavier son jóvenes e inteligentes. Sus padres fueron inflexibles con ellos porque sacaban malas notas. La verdad es que eran muy perezosos.

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A Spanish learning grammar by Pilar Munoz; Mike Thacker


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