By Anthony Kenny
Sir Anthony Kenny maintains his magisterial new historical past of Western philosophy with a desirable advisor via greater than a millennium of notion from four hundred advert onwards, charting the tale of philosophy from the founders of Christian and Islamic proposal via to the Renaissance. the center a long time observed an excellent flourishing of philosophy, and the highbrow endeavour of the period reaches its climax within the 13th and fourteenth centuries, with the platforms of the good schoolmen reminiscent of Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus. specifically written for a huge well known readership, yet severe and deep sufficient to supply a real knowing of the nice philosophers, Kenny's lucid and stimulating background becomes the definitive paintings for an individual drawn to the folks and ideas that formed the process Western idea.
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Extra info for A new history of western philosophy 2 Medieval philosophy
The humanist 5 Boethius’ argument is analysed in detail in Ch. 9 below. 22 PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH Lorenzo Valla in the Wfteenth century called him ‘the last of the Romans, the Wrst of the scholastics’, and Gibbon says that he was ‘the last of the Romans whom Cato or Tully could have acknowledged for their countryman’. Boethius was not only the last philosopher of the old Latin philosophical tradition: his Consolation can be read as an anthology of all that he valued in classical Greek philosophy.
He wrote commentaries on some of Aristotle’s logical works, showing some acquaintance with Stoic logic. He wrote four theological tractates dealing with the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation, showing the inXuence both of Augustine and of the Wfth-century Christological debates. His career appeared to be a model for those who wished to combine the contemplative and active lives. Gibbon, who could rarely bring himself to praise a philosopher, wrote of him, ‘Prosperous in his fame and fortunes, in his public honours and private alliances, in the cultivation of science and the consciousness of virtue, Boethius might have been styled happy, if that precarious epithet could be safely applied before the last term of the life of man’ (Decline and Fall, ch.
It is disconcerting to be told that God is among the things that are not; however, Eriugena does not mean that there is no God, but rather that God does not Wt into any of Aristotle’s ten categories of being (2. 15). God is above being, and what he is doing is something better than existing. 10 Eriugena’s third division, the material world, is the easiest to comprehend (3. 3). Like Philoponus, he believes that heaven and earth are made out of the same elements; there is no special quintessence for the heavenly bodies.
A new history of western philosophy 2 Medieval philosophy by Anthony Kenny